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The Lean Farm

  Farm smaller and smarter

The challenge of our era isn’t just to waste less, to pollute less, to be more efficient and mindful with our resources—though that’s all important. More fundamentally, our challenge is to redefine sufficiency: How much do we really need? How many cars and roads and airplanes and buildings is enough? How much land do we really need, as humans, to disturb—for housing or agriculture or any other use? As E.F. Schumacher put it: “Where is the rich society that says ‘Halt, we have enough?’”

Learn lean farming

Lean Market Farming Masterclass

 A lifetime-access, fully comprehensive online course in using the lean system to set up a farm for high-profits with less work. For market growers. Our most popular course. FIND OUT MORE.

Lean CBD Hemp Production

A one-of-a-kind course teaching lean production of high-CBD hemp for beginners. Includes lessons on hemp economics as well as production. FIND OUT MORE.

Lean Farm Start-up Quick Guides

NEW! Cutting-Edge Tools for Market Growers, Making and Using Compost PDF bundle - go beyond Ben's books with updated advice on new tools, and offering new no-till approaches for making and using compost. FIND OUT MORE.

Traditional farm vs. the lean farm

The traditional farmer chooses what to grow based on hunches as to what might sell. The lean farmer plugs into the community, listens to what food is needed, and then grows exactly what customers want, in the right amount, at the right time. No effort is wasted.

Rather than keep every tool, the lean farmer selects just a few to get the work accomplished.

The traditional farm adds capacity through constant expansion. The lean farm grows by cutting out waste.

Farming is a career plagued by low wages. But the lean farmer earns a sustainable wage through efficient production and a focus on high-value crops. 

Black farmers, efficiency pioneers

In rural Alabama, in the early 1900s, sharecropper land was divided and subdivided into smaller and smaller parcels. This meant more money for landlords but less land for sharecroppers. Poor farmers were forced to do more with less, to farm lean. George Washington Carver (pictured) stepped in to encourage diversification away from cotton.  According to Carver, "Take care of the waste on the farm and turn it into useful channels" should be the slogan of every farmer. Read Carver's bulletins for small farmers hereBooker T. Whatley, Carver's protege, told farmers "smaller and smarter" is the road to profits. About Whatley here.

"Everyone strives for efficiency in vegetable farming, but Ben Hartman has actually achieved it."

Lynn Byzynski
editor, Growing for Market Magazine

"We give every new employee a copy of Ben's writing to study. Adopting lean principles has been critical for bringing organization, focus, and harmony to our vegetable farm."

Pete Johnson
organic farmer and owner of Pete's Greens, Craftsbury, Vermont

"Ben Hartman is that rare person who could describe the lean farming revolution and then provide proven practices from his own farm."

Jim Womack
founder, Lean Enterprise Institute

Follow Clay Bottom Farm on Instagram...

Instagram is the only social media Ben regularly uses. Follow for lots of photos, tips, and lists of things he has put kickstands on recently.


About Ben Hartman

Ben is a farmer and author of The Lean Farm, winner of the prestigious Shingo Prize. In 2017 he wrote a field guide companion called The Lean Farm Guide to Growing Vegetables, and was named one of 50 green leaders in the US by Grist. He is a senior consultant for USAID-funded projects. Clay Bottom Farm offers on-farm workshops and online courses teaching farmers how to farm smaller and smarter.


In agriculture, for more than 300 years, Black and Brown bodies in this country have been exploited for the ignoble cause of cheap food.

Even now, people of color do the lion's share of front line farmworker and food service work, for too little pay. Farm subsidies--more than $37 billion in 2020 (36% of farm income)--are funneled mostly to rich, white farmers. Pursuing a more equitable system is a moral duty of our time. We need a food system that distributes ownership (including land) fairly, repairs historic wrongs through reparations, and pays essential workers a whole lot more. Silence is not an option. White supremacy is not an accident. It is a reality that was designed by our forebearers and that is perpetuated by us. While we can not change the past, we are responsible to make changes that will correct those injustices. No one can single-handedly do this work, but each person and organization will play a unique part. We feel that ours is to support Black farmer educational initiatives and to press for fair policing and farm policies through active political engagement. We hope you will find ways to support equity in the food system. A way to get started is to find a BIPOC-led initiative in your area and find out how you can support their work.

Resources for undoing racism in farming

BIPOC (Black, Indigenous, People of Color) farm organizations (from Osborne Quality Seeds)

Anti-racism in the food system (from Community Alliance for Global Justice)

Resources for BIPOC flower farmers (from The Kokoro Garden)

Teen Growers

Teen Growers, a northern Indiana, community-based initiative, offers education and meaningful paid jobs for teens. A goal of the program is to bring about a more localized and equitable food system, and to support youth of color. We support their work and encourage you to consider a donation.

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